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09.03.2013

WHAT COMPETENCE PROFILE FOR CITIZENS DOES THE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM OF CAMEROON HAVE TO DEVELOP FOR THE EMERGENCE OF CAMEROON AT THE 2035 HORIZON?


WHAT COMPETENCE PROFILE FOR CITIZENS DOES THE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM OF CAMEROON HAVE TO DEVELOP FOR THE EMERGENCE OF CAMEROON AT THE 2035 HORIZON?

MBIYDZENYUY DIVINE JAIMO
 
 
OBJECTIVES:
 
The vision that is ensued has as main objective to make Cameroon an emerging country by 2035, with specific objectives being to:
 
i). eradicate poverty by reducing it to less than 10 per cent thanks to accelerated and job generating growth, as well as a bold policy on income redistribution by increasing, extending
 
and improving social services, including health, education, training, water, electricity, roads,
 
etc.
 
ii). become a middle income country in order to increase the average income by consolidating,
 
over a long period, growth rate which should reach 10 per cent by 2017, thanks to increased
 
diversification of economic activities.
 
iii). become a newly industrialized country, which is a phase when Cameroon will transform from a primary phase to a secondary import substitution phase with the manufacturing industry
 
accounting for more than 23 per cent of the GDP.
 
iv).become an emerging country, which is the phase when its economy will be mainstreamed into the global economy in terms of trade (substantial exports) and finance (opening of local
 
financial markets to foreign investments).
 
The following competences are therfore needed to be developed in the Cameroonian citizens for the 2035 objectives to be achieved:


1-Information and Communication Technologies:
 
The world is becoming a global village with the integration of ITCs in every sector of life especially economic ,social,political and social development.This thus requires that the citizens of cameroon should be equiped with skills in ICTs ,so as to better confront the world of technology as cameroon is bracing up for socio-cultural and infrastructural development.In less than a decade from now ,every activity in the world is going to integrate ICTs.So, if Camerooian citizens are not trained in this domain the emergence expected in 2035 may not be possible
 
2-consolidating democracy and enhancing national unity:
 

Cameroon is an ethnic and linguistic mosaic with other divergent factors such as religion, politics, corporation, etc. Building a Nation–State out of such diversity is often hampered by some centrifugal forces and tendencies towards identity confinement. Despite the progress made so far, the consolidation of achievements in the areas of national integration, peace, justice, social cohesion and democratization continue to be achallenged. At the political level in particular, consolidating the democratization process implies the existence of a constitutional State, promotion and respect for individual and collective freedoms, power separation, the emergence of a strong and accountable civil society and participation of all Cameroonians in public affairs management. Education should be oriented toward unity and democracy. The vision of a united and indivisible nation is founded on the preservation of peace and national solidarity. National unity shouldbe a permanent and ambitious goal and a process bringing together the various components of society(regions,ethnic,groups,cultures,generations, sex, social, intellectual, civil and military classes, corporations, opinions and religions, etc.). The foundations of peace and democracy are freedom, equality and the sovereignty of the people of Cameroon?


3-Economic growth and employment:
 

Despite the gradual recovery from the devaluation of the CFA franc in 1994, Cameroon’s growth is still to find its strength in terms of its inner dynamics and the expected impact on the living conditions of the population. An analysis of the country’s growth factors reveals that its economy depends more than 50 per cent on Household and Sole Proprietor Businesses which constitute a sector comprising mostly informal units (notably agriculture and trade) with no guarantee of sustainable growth due to their generally fluctuating performances. Cameroon has been unable to develop a competitive industrial sector especially because of its poor performance in the global economy and lack of an operational potential at the domestic level.Competences in this domain are needed for the 2035 vision. This problem is also compounded by distribution of the wealth generated. As a matter of fact, dividends on share capital continue to have an edge over salaries and other social contributions. There is hence a general outcry for strong growth with an equitable distribution of its fallouts.
 
 
4-National ,foreign languages and culture:
 

National languages must be taught and consolidated in schools so that national secrecy can be kept in them for our development.Foreign languages like English,French and Chiness should also be learned as they are the key languages that link Cameroon to the outside world.Countries which are development partners to Cameroon use these languages,especially China.This is for better business communication.


5-Socio-demographic factors:
 
 
Population explosion in Cameroon has led to an increase in the number of dependent people (young and old), and changed the density of settlements. There is need for more infrastructure and social services to match the increasing numbers of young people,especially in the education and health sectors. The vision has as challenge to make the population of Cameroon a driving force of its development through controlled population growth, human capital formation and a longer life expectancy. At the social and demographic level, the objectives are to make the people the main actors of their development through a bold policy on decent job creation, to raise average life expectancy by improving on the living conditions of the population through the broadening of supply and development of quality of social services, to control population growth taking into account economic growth requirements, to narrow the gap between the rich and poor with a greater distribution of the fallouts of economic growth, and to enhance national solidarity and social protection of the underprivileged.
 

6-Urban and regional development:
 
 
If current trends persist, over 75 per cent of Cameroon’s population will in the next 25-30 years live in urban areas. If pre-emptive action is not taken, the problems resulting from rapid and uncontrolled urban expansion already plaguing Douala and Yaounde might spread like wildfire. For the vision, the issue at stake is how to plan the all-so important development of towns and cities which are major consumption centres and a gold mine for industrial development factors. As concerns regional development, the issue at stake is how to control space, protect the environment and control the impact of climate change which is already visible. There is also the need to promote full operation of regional and local development, but this should be as a supplement to government actions, to foresee and plan the all-so-important development of towns which are major consumption and production centres, and a gold mine for industrial development factors.
 
 
7-Good governance:
 

Governance means efficient and effective use of the country’s potential as well as human, material and financial resources void of corruption for its development. Cameroon needs to overcome this challenge to be well integrated into the global economy and see the light of day in 2035.
 

8-Technical,industrial and profesional skills at all levels:
 

Becoming a newly industrialised country, In the industrial sector, the Vision intends to retain industrial development as the country’s development engine. The objectives of the vision at this level are to create a competitive manufacturing sector that can generate resources, sustain growth, employment, exports, and ensure integration into the global economy. Industrial development will depend on the development of infrastructure, reduction of factor costs and promotion of new funding methods.
 
 
9-agricultural skills:
 
 
At the macro-economic level, the vision highlights the need to accelerate growth by stepping up forest,agro-pastoral and fishing activities and ensuring an industrial technological advancement with emphasis on the processing of local commodities. The vision also envisages changing the structure of the economy; from a primary sector economy (agriculture and extraction) and informal tertiary activities to a more powerful secondary sector, and an intensive primary sector, a professional,specialized tertiary sector which creates decent jobs. For this goal to be achieved, the vision advocates the stepping up of investments as growth engine. The development of industries and an ambitious trade policy should gradually lead to a change of the foreign trade pattern towards a more vigorous integration in world and regional transactions. In the rural sector, agricultural revolution is envisaged. It should allow for an increase in productivitywith the intensification of activities and the change of agricultural holdings scales.
 
 
10-Mastery of institutional, political, sociological and international factors:
 
 
At the political and institutional level, such factors include political transitions, participation, socialjustice, management of the dual Anglophone-francophone heritage, and balance of power. At the sociological level, behaviours that stem from sociological fragmentation should be redressed. At the international level, there is globalization with its series of constraints which should be foreseen as wellas the growing influence of the economy of neighouring countries.
 

http://divinews.centerblog.net/20-competences-for-the-2035-emergence

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